International, Transnational and Global Issues | Globalization
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“Definitions of Globalization: A Comprehensive Overview and a Proposed Definition” by Dr. Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan, 2006. This paper provides a great synthesis on definitions of globalization and introduces a new definition.


“What is Globalization? Four Possible Answers” by Simon Reich, 1998. This article identifies four approaches to globalization in recognition of interplay among economics, politics, and culture. He identifies globalization as a historical epoch (historical), as a confluence of economic phenomena (economic), as the hegemony of American values (sociological), and as technological and social revolution (technological).


Does globalization mean deterritorialization? The article “What is Globalization: Accelerating Social Change” by Christine Monnier addresses this issue and provides various definitions of globalization.


“Defining Globalization” by Jan Aart Scholte, 2007. This paper provides a history of the term globalization while mentioning failures in defining it. He discusses globalization and internationalization, liberalization, universalism, and westernization. This article also presents a critical perspective on globalization and discusses failures in defining globalization because of redundancy.  By addressing the issues of space in the conceptualization of globalization, he discusses the notion of supra-territoriality. Additionally, he introduces the distinction between international and transnational among other interesting issues associated with globalization.


“Globalization: A Brief Overview” International Monetary Fund, 2008. This article illustrates an approach to globalization from a specific organization with an emphasis on trade, global financial markets, income inequality, and poverty. It also discusses myths of globalization and the future of globalization in relation to the issue of sovereignty.


“Economic Globalization: Trends, Risks and Risk Prevention” by Gao Shangquan, 2000 United Nations. This paper discusses economic globalization as an irreversible trend, the risks of economic globalization in developing countries, and offers policy to solve those risks.


“Globalization: A World-Systems Perspective” by Christopher Chase-Dunn et al. This essay looks at multiple forms of globalization through the world-systems perspective. Read “Types of Globalization” section which distinguishes five dimensions of globalization.


“The Conflicts of Globalization” by Charles O. Lerche III, sites various positive and negative views on globalization including its ability to incite rapid social change, to increase awareness of different identities while also altering established cultures, and its effects on the world economy that bring prosperity to some nations, but tension and conflict to others.


The video “Globalization at a Crossroads” by Natalie Goldstein, Edited by Keely Stucke, 2009, explores core approaches to the global economy and their repercussions in developing nations and criticizes lending institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Length: 27:43


The video “Globalization is Good” by Johan Norberg, Channel 4 UK, 2003, argues in favor of globalization while criticizing the anti-globalization movement.

Length: 49:30

The World Health Organization (WHO) refers to governance and good governance and what it calls the jurisdictional, incentive and participatory barriers or gaps for the exercise of governance.


The World Bank provides varying definitions of governance, dimensions of governance, and good governance.


The Encyclopedia Britannica defines “government” and “governance”and “new governance” and provides interesting theoretical and historical explanations to illustrate the meanings of these concepts. See also corporate governance and indigenous governance.


“The Concept of Governance” by Ledivina V. Carino emphasizes the differences and interconnectedness between government and governance.


“Globalization and Governance: From Statism to Polycentrism” by Jan Aart Scholte, 2004. This paper discusses the effects that globalization has had on governance. It distinguishes the Westphalian principle of sovereignty from sovereignty under conditions of globalization.


“Globalization and Global Governance: Four Paradigmatic Views” by Kavous Ardalan, 2010. This paper discusses the link between globalization and global governance by emphasizing the role of broad world views in the analysis of these phenomena.


“Is Globalization in Need of Global Governance?” by Pascal Lamy, 2013, discusses this critical question leaning toward the idea that some sort of global governance is necessary. It also refers to the Westphalian principle of sovereignty or he calls “The Westphalian Nation State Matrix. He refers to “the smiling” and the “grimacing” faces of globalization which he relates to the Ricardian (David Ricardo) and the Shumpeterian (Joseph Schumpeter) traditions respectively.


In the essay “Globalization as Governance: Toward an Archaeology of Contemporary Political Reason” (which appears in “Globalization and Governance” edited by Aseem Prakash and Jeffrey A. Hart, 1999) Ian R. Douglas offers an in depth analysis of the link between globalization and governance.

“Globalization and the State” by Nilufer Karacasulu Goksel, 2012. This paper is concerned with whether globalization undermines the Westphalian system as a system of governance and its principles of statehood and sovereignty. It offers a nuanced perspective which emphasizes both the decline and the strengthening of the state under condition dog globalization. He distinguishes among the political, economic, and military/security dimensions of globalization and examines the continuities and changes of the role of the state for each case.


“The Eclipse of the State? Reflections on Stateness in an Era of Globalization” by Peter B. Evans, 1997, discusses the effects of globalization on stateness. Read section “Globalization and the Role of the State” pages 65-74.


“Globalization and its Impact Upon States” by Begum Burak, 2011, presents positive and negative views on globalization and its effects on states. Also, criticizes globalization by stating that it erodes state sovereignty and weakens some cultural characteristics of states, while favoring others.


“Globalization, Nation-state, and Global Security Arrangements” by Mykola Kapitonenko, 2009. This paper offers an assessment of the impact of globalization on international security, emphasizes the threats posited by globalizations, the analysis is based on the inclusion of a synthesis of theoretical perspectives from International relations theory (IR theory) and the analysis of the role and place of the state in relation to globalizing trends.


“Globalization Makes States: Perspectives of Local Governance in the Age of the World City” by Roger Keil, 2011, includes a short critique of globalization and presents the idea that globalization creates new forms of states that differ from the ones we know.


“Globalization and the Changing Architecture of the State: The Regulatory State and the Politics of Negative Co-ordination” by Kanishka Jayasuriya, 2011, discusses the economic reconfiguration of the modern state caused by globalization through positive and negative coordination.

“The Causes of Welfare State Expansion: Deindustrialization or Globalization?” By Torben Iversen and Thomas R. Cusack, 2000, refutes the idea that globalization is responsible for the expansion of the welfare state and instead places blame on deindustrialization.


Globalization, Democracy, and Effective Welfare Spending in the Developing World” by Nita Rudra and Stephan Haggard, 2005. This article examines the role of the welfare state in the developing world in relation to social policy reactions to globalization by democratic and authoritarian regimes.

“Regulating Globalization? The Reinvention of World Politics” by David Held, 2000, argues that instead of eroding sovereignty and autonomy, globalization has reconfigured political power and created new forms of governance and politics.


“How Has Globalization Changed the International System?” By Mareike Oldemeinen, 2011, discusses the changes in the international system brought about by globalization such as the ever-increasing dependence among states.


“The Evolution of Political Systems: The Effects of Globalization” by Marie-Noelle Sarget, discusses how globalization is changing the way political systems function as they face demands from supranational regulations and intervention from economic actors.


The Effects of Globalization on the United Nations” by Joanna Awoniyi, looks at definitions of globalization, critiques, and conflicts with culture, identity and the economy. Also discusses the impact of globalization on the state, non-state actors, and the UN.


“Economic Globalization and Political Stability in Developing Countries” by Nicolas van de Walle, 1998. Read section “Defining Economic Globalization” page 9, “Economic Globalization and Social Inequality” page 19, “Economic Globalization and State Sovereignty” page 29.


A business-oriented approach to globalization: “Thriving Locally in the Global Economy” by Rosabeth Moss Kanter 1995


A critical approach to globalization:  “Globalization: Nine Theses on Our Epoch” by William I. Robinson, 1996

Anti-globalization movement: Riots in Seattle
The Eye Witness News video “Four Days in Seattle The 1999 WTO Riots plus news stories one week later” shows clips from media coverage of the
riots in Seattle, 1999. It includes interviews.

Length: 1:05:45


“Defining the Anti-Globalization Movement” by Mark Engler, 2007, examines the notion “anti-globalization movement” and discusses whether all social activists that oppose global corporate elites agree with the term.


“Anti-Capitalist and Anti-Globalization Movements”, from Infoshop News, 2014, a news outlet run by anarchists and libertarians, discusses the different purposes and emphases of movements frequently identified as “anti-globalization”. It offers a chronology of organized demonstrations and major events associated with these movements.


Infoshop News offers a short introduction to the book A Brief History of Occupy Wall Street, written by Ethan Earle in 2012.


The article “Occupy Movement Evolves in Spain” (Ariana Eujung Cha, Washington Post, Sep. 17, 2012), calls attention to the fact that the origins of “the Occupy Wall Street” movement can be traced to “los indignados” movement in Spain.


A “Brief History of the Sao Paulo Forum” as presented in the Forum’s website in 2014.