International, Transnational and Global Issues | GLOBAL COMMODITY CHAINS
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GLOBAL COMMODITY CHAINS

“Commodity Chains” from Environmental Justice Organisations, Liabilities and Trade, 2012, defines commodity chains, the different methodologies used to analyze them such as value chain analysis, differentiates global commodity chains as the way to analyze the impact of globalization on industrial commodity chains and how that is analyzed through power relations embedded in value chain analyses.

 

“Global Commodity Chains” by Jennifer Bair, 2014, Discusses international trade and production networks described first as commodity chains, then global commodity chains, and recently as global value chains. The author provides an assessment of what is known about commodity chains, describes the three approaches to global chain studies (the world-systems tradition, the global commodity chains framework and global value chains analysis), and provides the similarities and differences among the approaches.

“Global Commodity Chain Analysis and the French Filière Approach: Comparison and Critique” by Philip Raikes et al., 1999, includes an explanation on the four dimensions of global commodity chains (their input-output structure, the territory covered, their governance structures, and the institutional framework where conditions and policies shape the globalization process at each stage in the chain). It also discusses global commodity chains along with international trade, business systems, governance structures, regulation, problems with the definition of global commodity chains, and the concept of power in its analysis.

 

“Commodity Chain Analysis” by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2015 discusses the structure of commodity chains, its analysis, includes various perspectives (transactional, comparative, and functional), and aspects of a commodity chain analysis.

 

“Commodity Chain Analysis: Constructing the Commodity Chain Functional Analysis and Flow Charts” by Bockel, L. and Tallec, F, 2005, discusses the conceptual framework of the commodity chain, discusses its analysis through the value chain approach, how its analysis is used for economic analysis, and explains how the commodity chain is constructed such as the sectors and agents involved.

 

“Shifting Governance Structures in Global Commodity Chains, With Special Reference to the Internet” by Hary Gereffi, 2001, discusses how the internet has become one of the three main drivers of economic globalization along with transnational corporations and international trade. The article specifically focuses on the impact that the internet has had on producer-driven and buyer-driven commodity chains especially in cars and apparel.

 

“Economic Development Policymaking Down the Global Commodity Chain: Attracting an Auto Industry to Silao, Mexico” by Jeffrey S. Rothstein, 2005, presents the inconsistencies and strengths in global commodity chain literature through a specific example of an automotive commodity chain that began in Mexico and how the chain was lured there in the first place by the actors involved. The author discusses how global commodity chains have shaped the public’s understanding of the global economy, provides examples of global commodity chains within agriculture, clothing, and automotive industries.

 

“Mobilising the Commodity Chain Concept in the Politics of Good and Farming” by Peter Jackson, Neil Ward, and Polly Russel, 2005, discusses commodity chains within the context of three case studies about the food industry in Britain. It argues that the concept of commodity chain is gaining criticism and beginning to become a chaotic concept. The author provides a genealogy of commodity chains that shows the shifts in meaning and usage of the concept.

 

“Global Commodity Chains and World Income Inequalities: The Missing Link of Inequality and the ‘Upgrading’ Paradox” by Benjamin D. Brewer, 2011, discusses the link between global commodity chains and global income inequalities and exposes the upgrading paradox (or disconnect between the global commodity chain literature’s rejection of developmental progress or upgrades and the world income inequalities literature’s confirmation of these upgrades). The author proposes a new form of analysis called the “post-paradox global commodity chain analysis.

 

“From Commodity Chains to Value Chains: Interdisciplinary Theory Building in an Age of Globalization” by Timothy J. Sturgeon, 2008, discusses the change in framework from buyer-driven and producer-driven global commodity chains to a global value chain framework that is industry-neutral. The author describes how the global commodity chain concept was first developed and its inconsistencies (such as its need to be classified as either buyer or producer driven) and how the global value chain framework could serve to solve these issues.

 

The Global Value Chains Initiative from Duke University defines global value chains, their importance, characteristics, differentiates among different forms of global balue chains (markets, modular value chains relational value chains, captive value chains, and hierarchy), and how they differ from global commodity chains.